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Termites can be major agricultural pests, especially in East Africa and North Asia, in which crop losses can be severe (3100 percent in crop loss in Africa).216 Counterbalancing that is the greatly improved water infiltration where termite tunnels in the dirt allow rainwater to soak in deeply, which helps reduce runoff and consequent soil erosion through bioturbation.217 In South America, cultivated plants like lavender, upland rice and sugarcane can be severely damaged by termite infestations, together with strikes on leaves, roots and sterile tissue.
Termites and ants can re-colonise untilled land which contains crop stubble, which colonies utilize for nourishment when they set their nests. The presence of nests in fields enables bigger amounts of rainwater to soak into the ground and increases the amount of nitrogen in the soil, both essential for the growth of plants.218.
The termite gut has inspired many research efforts aimed at replacing fossil fuels with cleanerrenewable energy sources.219 Termites are efficient bioreactors, capable of producing two litres of hydrogen from a single sheet of paper.220 Roughly 200 species of microbes reside inside the termite hindgut, releasing the hydrogen that was trapped inside wood and plants they digest.219221 Throughout the action of unidentified enzymes in the termite gut, lignocellulose polymers are broken down into sugars and are transformed into hydrogen.
The development of autonomous robots capable of constructing intricate structures with no human assistance has been inspired by the complex mounds that termites construct.222 These robots work independently and can move by themselves on a tracked grid, capable of climbing and lifting up bricks. Such robots may be handy for future projects on Mars, or even for building levees to prevent flooding.223.
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Termites use complex means to control the temperatures of the mounds. As mentioned above, the shape and orientation of the mounds of this Australian compass termite stabilises their internal temperatures during the day. Since the towers heating up, the solar chimney impact (stack effect) generates an updraft of air within the mound.224 Wind blowing across the tops of the towers enhances the circulation of air throughout the mounds, which also include side vents in their construction.
Especially in Africa, the stack effect has become a popular means to achieve natural ventilation and passive cooling in modern buildings.224.
The Eastgate Centre is a shopping centre and office block in central Harare, Zimbabwe, whose architect, Mick Pearce, utilized passive cooling inspired by that used by the regional termites.226 This was the first major building exploiting termite-inspired cooling techniques to draw international attention. Other these buildings include the Learning Resource Center at the Catholic University of Eastern Africa and the Council House 2 building in Melbourne, Australia.224.
Few zoos hold termites, due to the problem in keeping them captive and into the reluctance of authorities to allow potential pests. One of the few who do, the Zoo Basel in Switzerland, has two thriving Macrotermes bellicosus populations resulting in an event quite rare in captivity: the mass migrations of young flying termites.
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African tribes in many countries have termites as totems, and for my website this reason tribe members are forbidden to eat the reproductive alates.228 Termites are widely used in traditional popular medicine; they are used as treatments for diseases and other conditions such as asthma, bronchitis, hoarseness, influenza, sinusitis, tonsillitis and whooping cough.208 In Nigeria, Macrotermes nigeriensis is used for spiritual protection and to treat wounds and sick pregnant women.
In Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand, termite mounds are commonly worshiped among the people.229 Abandoned mounds are seen as structures created by spirits, believing a local guardian dwells within the mound; that is known as Keramat and Datok Kong. In urban areas, neighborhood residents find out construct red-painted shrines over mounds which have been abandoned, in which they pray for good health, protection and fortune.229.
It's unknown if the termite was female or male. If it was a female, then the entire body length would be visit this site much more than 25 millimetres when old.
a b Cranshaw, W. (2013). "11". Bugs Rule! : An Introduction to the World of Insects. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-691-12495-7.
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Lobeck, A. Kohl (1939). Geomorphology; an Introduction to the Study of Landscapes (1st ed.) . University of California: McGraw Hill Book Company, Incorporated. pp. 431432. ASIN B002P5O9SC.
Cleveland, L.R.; Hall, S.K.; Sanders, E.P.; Collier, J. (1934). "The Wood-Feeding Roach Cryptocercus, its protozoa, and the symbiosis between protozoa and roach". Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 17 (2): 185382. doi:10.1093/aesa/28.2.216.
McKittrick, F.A. (1965). "A contribution to the understanding of cockroach-termite affinities". Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 58 (1): 1822. doi:10.1093/aesa/58.1.18. PMID 5834489.